Todd Erickson

Todd graduated in 2006 from the University of South Australia with a BAppSc (Hons) in Biodiversity, Environmental, and Park Management. Since 2003 he has held research positions at the Botanic Gardens of Adelaide (Adelaide, South Australia), the Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions (ex. Department of Parks and Wildlife), Kings Park Botanic Garden, and The University of Western Australia (UWA) (Perth, Western Australia).

He completed a PhD in 2015 at UWA working on arid zone seed ecology and large-scale restoration. Todd is currently the Project Manager of the Restoration Seedbank (RSB) Initiative, a joint project between UWA, Kings Park Science, and BHP Billiton Western Australian Iron Ore. He is also Project Director of a Global Innovation Linkages (GIL) project titled “Eco-engineering solutions to improve mine-site rehabilitation outcomes”, a collaboration between nine industry, academic, and small-business partners from Western Australia and the United States.

The RSB is a major five-year, multi-disciplinary partnership that is focussed on developing the science, knowledge, and technical skills required to achieve proven, cost-effective, and scalable restoration of biodiverse native vegetation communities in the resource rich Pilbara region of Western Australia.

The RSB comprises four integrated research and development programs:
1. Seedbank Management and Curation: Programs to store and curate seeds in a secure facility that facilitates research and technology development.
2. Seedbank Science: Research to define seed storage behaviour and to tailor storage conditions for the short-term (months) and long-term (decades). Development of appropriate storage technology will protect seed quality and enhance seed useability in restoration.
3. Seed Capability and Enablement: Research to deliver ‘restoration on demand’ by defining the environmental cues required to break seed dormancy and deliver reliable methods for germination. New seed enhancement technologies will be developed that include polymer seed coating and extruded seed pellets. This program aims to provide a reliable and cost-effective supply of germinable seed for restoration of disturbed areas in the Pilbara.
4. Growing Medium: Define the growing niche by understanding soil physical, chemical and biological properties of re-made soils that limit seedling establishment in disturbed areas (e.g. altered soil moisture retention). This reduces the amount of seed required and the associated cost to industry and the community.

In an extension to the RSB programs, the recently funded GIL project will examine research on best-practice use of seeds in the Pilbara focusing in recruitment biology, with innovative, ecologically-guided engineering solutions focussed on the invention and modification of seed enhancement and direct seeding equipment needed to deliver seeds at scale in mine-site rehabilitation. The primary focus of the GIL project is to advance the application of the recent UWA-Kings Park Science flash-flaming invention that removes unwanted seed appendages preventing automated seeding to a wider range of species (e.g. Poaceae and Asteraceae spp. that provide much of the plant cover requirements in Australian and the United States rehabilitation programs), combined with additional seed enhancement technologies (priming, pelleting, and coating) for a wide range of species-specific scenarios currently required in rehabilitation programs. In unison with seed pre-treatment development, the project will design, construct, and test a prototype direct seeding machine(s) that can accommodate and efficiently deliver a wide range of pre-treated seeds that differ in shape, size, and weight, at the scale required.


Kings Park Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions

BHP Billiton Western Australian Iron Ore.

Rio Tinto Iron Ore

Greening Australia (WA)

University of California, Agricultural and Natural Resources

Brigham Young University

University of Nevada (Las Vegas)

Natural Resource Conservation LLC

Funding and awards

  1. Hermon Slade Foundation Research Grant (2018-2020) $79,040. Titled “Novel approaches for harnessing native soil microbial communities to restore biodiverse degraded ecosystems in drylands”. Investigators: CI Miriam Muñoz-Rojas, PIs Todd Erickson and David Merritt.
  2. UWA Research Impact Grant (2018) $19,400. Titled “Catalysing the adoption of ‘restoration engineering’ in large-scale rehabilitation programs”. Investigators: Todd Erickson, David Merritt, Andrew Guzzomi, Miriam Munoz-Rojas.
  3. Australian Research Council Linkage Program (2017-2022) $675,400. Innovative seed technologies for restoration in a biodiversity hotspot. Investigators: CIs Richard Hobbs, Todd Erickson; PIs Jason Stevens, Matthew Madsen, Vernon Newton, Anthony Pekin, Alan Savage. Partners: The University of Western Australia, Botanic Gardens & Parks Authority, Bentonite Products WA Pty Ltd, Hanson Construction Materials Pty Ltd.
  4. Global Innovation Linkages Program (2017-2021) $1,314,652. Eco-engineering solutions to improve mine-site rehabilitation outcomes. Funded by the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science.
  5. Mitsubishi Corporation Western Australia Innovator of the Year 2016, $25,000. EMERGING INNOVATION category winner for “Flash flaming of seeds to improve land restoration”. The University of Western Australia and Botanic Gardens & Parks Authority
  6. Global Connections Fund – Priming Grant (2016-2017) $7000. Testing the co-benefits of seed flaming, coating, and mechanised seed delivery in Australia and the United States of America.
  7. Restoration Seedbank Initiative (2013-2018) $5,036,538.
  8. Pilbara Seed Atlas Project (2008-2013) $800k +


2015 – PhD UWA – ‘Seed dormancy classification and germination traits of 89 arid zone species targeted for mine-site restoration in the Pilbara region of Western Australia’

2006 – Bachelor of Applied Science (1st class honours) (BAppSc) – Biodiversity, Environmental, and Park Management, University of South Australia. Honours thesis title: ‘Seed dormancy patterns and germination requirements of two nationally-threatened Compositae species, Bracyscome muelleri Sond. and Senecio megaglossus F. Muell., in semi-arid South Australia’

2003 – 2005 Bachelor of Applied Science (BAppSc) – Biodiversity, Environmental, and Park Management, University of South Australia.

Follow me:

Todd’s Links:

Research Gate
Google Scholar Profile
UWA Website
Kings Park

Top Publications

Muñoz-Rojasabc M, Román JR, Roncero-Ramos B, Erickson TE, Merritt DJ, Aguila-Carricondod P & Cantón Y (2018) Cyanobacteria inoculation enhances carbon sequestration in soil substrates used in dryland restoration Science of the Total Environment 636: 1149-1154

Shackelford N, Miller BP & Erickson TE (2018) Restoration of open-cut mining in semi-arid systems: a synthesis of long-term monitoring data and implications for management. Land Degradation and Development 29 (4): 994-1004

Erickson TE, Muñoz-Rojas M, Kildisheva OA, Stokes BA, White SA, Heyes JL, Dalziell EL, Lewandrowski W, James JJ, Madsen MD, Turner SR & Merritt DJ (2017) Benefits of adopting seed-based technologies for rehabilitation in the mining sector: a Pilbara perspective. Australian Journal of Botany 65: 646-660

Lewandrowski W, Erickson TE, Kingsley KW & Stevens JC (2017) Increasing the germination envelope under water stress improves seedling emergence in two dominant grass species across different pulse rainfall events. Journal of Applied Ecology 54: 997-1007

Erickson, T, Barrett, RL, Merritt, DJ & Dixon, KW 2016, Pilbara seed atlas and field guide: Plant restoration in Australia’s arid northwest,  CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Victoria

Muñoz-Rojas M, Erickson TE, Dixon KW & Merritt DJ (2016) Soil quality indicators to assess functionality of restored soils in degraded semi-arid ecosystems. Restoration Ecology 24: S43-S52.

James JJ, Sheley RL, Erickson TE, Rollins KS, Taylor MH, Dixon KW (2013) A systems approach to restoring degraded drylands. Journal of Applied Ecology 50: 730-739.